Changes in plastid proteome and structure in arbuscular mycorrhizal roots display a nutrient starvation signature

Authors/others:Daher, Zeina (Université Bourgogne - Franche-Comté); Recorbet, Ghislaine (Université de Bourgogne); Solymosi, Katalin (Eötvös Loránd University Budapest); Wienkoop, Stefanie; Mounier, Arnaud (Université Bourgogne - Franche-Comté); Morandi, Dominique (Université Bourgogne - Franche-Comté); Lherminier, Jeannine (Université Bourgogne - Franche-Comté); Wipf, Daniel (Université Bourgogne - Franche-Comté); Dumas-Gaudot, Eliane (Université Bourgogne - Franche-Comté); Schoefs, Benoît (Université du Maine Le Mans)

During arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis, arbuscule-containing root cortex cells display a proliferation of plastids, a feature usually ascribed to an increased plant anabolism despite the lack of studies focusing on purified root plastids. In this study, we investigated mycorrhiza-induced changes in plastidic pathways by performing a label-free comparative subcellular quantitative proteomic analysis targeted on plastid-enriched fractions isolated from Medicago truncatula roots, coupled to a cytological analysis of plastid structure. We identified 490 root plastid protein candidates, among which 79 changed in abundance upon mycorrhization, as inferred from spectral counting. According to cross-species sequence homology searches, the mycorrhiza-responsive proteome was enriched in proteins experimentally localized in thylakoids, whereas it was depleted of proteins ascribed predominantly to amyloplasts. Consistently, the analysis of plastid morphology using transmission electron microscopy indicated that starch depletion associated with the proliferation of membrane-free and tubular membrane-containing plastids was a feature specific to arbusculated cells. The loss of enzymes involved in carbon/nitrogen assimilation and provision of reducing power, coupled to macromolecule degradation events in the plastid-enriched fraction of mycorrhizal roots that paralleled lack of starch accumulation in arbusculated cells, lead us to propose that arbuscule functioning elicits a nutrient starvation and an oxidative stress signature that may prime arbuscule breakdown.

Date of publication:25.8.2016
Journal title:Physiologia Plantarum
Peer reviewed:true
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Bibliographical note:This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Publication Type:Article