Shoot and nodule development in Pisum sativum after infection with Didymella pinodes

Authors/others:Turetschek, Reinhard; Epple, Tamara; Desalegn, Getinet (Universität für Bodenkultur Wien); Kaul, Hans-Peter; Wienkoop, Stefanie
Abstract:Due to its association with root-symbionts, field pea is especially meaningful in crop rotation and winter greening. Above ground infestation by the necrotrophic fungi such as Didymella pinodes reduces yields globally. On the plants level, the impact of infection reaches down to the interaction with the symbionts. The development of nodules is affected because of the different needs of above ground parts. However, cultivars exhibit a variety of nodule development, which is, among other things, based on the shoots morphology as well as on the onset of blooming. Here, we examined the nodule development of two field pea cultivars with different resistance levels to D. pinodes at 24 h, 48 h and 2 weeks post infection by counting and weighing nodules with subsequent extraction of primary Metabolites (GC-MS) and label free quantification of proteins (Orbitrap Elite). The different nodule development is consistent with the distinguishable shoot morphology and the onset of blooming of each cultivar. Additionally, the formation of shoot nodes post infection appears to depend on the microbial association of the roots. Moreover, we found that the weight of nodules after infection is maintained when co-inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi is given. Thus, we presume that nodule development post infection is interrelated with mycorrhizal linkage of the roots. Whether cultivar related nodule development after pathogenic attack shows an impact on yield remains to be elucidated.
Language:English
Date of publication:8.9.2016
Publication Type:Poster
Portal:https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/en/publications/shoot-and-nodule-development-in-pisum-sativum-after-infection-with-didymella-pinodes(3d346ff8-44e3-4c83-9ab6-a9cb5307f465).html